The second edition of the , was held in Bologna this year, from March to May. The festival was created and organized by two cultural realities which are a point of reference for the city, eLaSTiCo and the TPO.
CHEAP wants the redevelopment of, and redevelops, peripheral or abandoned urban areas.
The Festival, very rich in events which are widespread in the entire urban territory, took place in two phases. In the first phase, in March, Paper Resistance and SZ ZS performed their interventions for the CHEAP Green project. Whereas, from 1st to 10th May, Lucamaleonte, Martina Merlini, Hyuro, L.E.T. and Orticanoodles created the main big works of art of the festival, urban art interventions in peripheral areas of the city.
In parallel with the hosted artists’ interventions, the noticeboards of the city were filled with hundreds of posters made by authors selected by means of an open call about the Green theme.
VAV sent its posters because its editorial staff like the festival from A to Z, and because we could only appreciate the selected theme.
We thank those who really perform this urban intervention, those who create the project, those who work on it for months and those who “stick” on the walls and on the noticeboards of a city which they made theirs.
We wanted to address the theme of the open call with awareness and we did it by proposing an idea which we totally share and about which we talk with Tellas and 108 in the second issue of VAV concerning the relationship between author and environment: it is included in the book by the French landscape architect and botanist Gilles Clément, published by Quodlibet in 2005.
Clément defines the Third Landscape as that man-made place where plant species with an unexpected resistance to herbicides grow and spread. A plant life which owns a rich biodiversity, resists overbuilding, is born at the boundaries between the residential area and the countryside and implants itself exactly in the cracks of the walls and the streets, “infesting” the abandoned places. Clément suggests to positively consider this natural non-place in the landscape plans of the cities, in favour of the free evolution of a landscape in which nature and man really start to coexist again.
And the experiment of CHEAP seems to succeed brilliantly in doing this.
Below we report an excerpt from Manifesto del Terzo paesaggio from which we took the text of the three VAV posters.
If you stop looking at the landscape as the object of human activity, you soon discover (will it be a cartographer’s forgetfulness, a politician’s carelessness?) a quantity of undecided spaces, deprived of function, which are difficult to name. This set belongs neither to the territory of shadow nor to that of light. It places itself on the margins. Where the woods thin out, along the streets and the rivers, in the recesses forgotten by the crops, where cars do not pass. It covers areas of modest dimensions, scattered, like the lost corners of a field; vast and uniform, like the peat bogs, the moors and some abandoned areas following a recent disposal.
Among these fragments of landscape, no shape similarity. Only one point in common: all of them constitute a territory of shelter for diversity. Everywhere, elsewhere, this diversity is chased away.
This makes grouping them under a unique term justifiable. I propose Third Landscape, third term of an analysis which has grouped the main observable data on the one hand under the shadow, on the other hand under the light.
Third Landscape refers to Third State (and not to Third World). A space which expresses neither the power nor the submission to the power.
It refers to the 1789 Sieyès’ pamphlet “What is the Third State? – Everything. What has it done until now? – Nothing. What does it aspire to become? – Something.”.
Presenting the Third Landscape, undecided fragment of the Planetary Garden, not as an asset, but as a common space of the future.
Waiting for a third edition!